Ciutat Vella owes its name to the district that revolves around the birth of the city of Valencia, as well as the growing expansion after the Christian conquest. It is what we would call “old town” and from where, over the centuries, it has been expanding. It borders on the north with La Zaidía, on the east with El Pla del Real, on the southeast with Ensanche and on the southwest with Extramurs. It consists of a six neighborhoods: La Seu, La Xerea, El Carme, El Pilar (formerly known as Velluters because of the important silk trade in Valencia), El Mercat and Sant Francesc. La Seu, the oldest neighborhood of Cap i Casal, is what many scholars say roughly matches the city limits of the Roman colony, “Valentia Edetanorum”, as well as being the center of the Andalusian Balansiya (Roman Urdu for Valencia). La Seu got its name because that is where the Cathedral is located. El Carmen is one of the neighborhoods that grew between ramparts, the Muslim Wall (11th century), built by Abd al-Aziz ibn Amir, who confined it to the east; the Christian Wall (14th century) which protected it from the west. To better understand its history, we recommend one of the best books on “El Carme”, by Rafael Solaz Albert (click here). In this district you can see the remains of the walls of Valencia which marks the Christian Wall as well as the boundaries of the current district (well almost, since there are additions, as you can see in the map below – a comparison between the map of the district and the one of the walls. Thus making, Ciutat Vella the most significant district and, perhaps, the most emblematic of Valencia.